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tv   Witness  BBC News  June 3, 2017 4:30pm-5:01pm BST

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this is another of the ponds that has been created by beavers, and right here demonstrates just how much they can re—engineer the landscape. so where i am, it looks like there is just grass growing out of the ground — wrong. this is a beaver stick dam, right underneath me. the place has been shaped by rodents‘ teeth. the way that they have manipulated this site has just been dramatic. we have had a range of different species coming in, particularly bats, amphibians, lots of wetland plants, it has just been incredible. in scotland, where beavers have been brought back, some landowners have angrily complained that they have damaged farmland, trees and watercourses. the nfu fear unintended consequences of beaver reintroduction. the scientists working here say that the beavers have notjust improved water quality — they've also helped to protect downstream areas from flooding by slowing heavy rainfall with their dams. they want creatures like this reintroduced nationwide. not all are convinced. but the beavers here
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are making their own watery case. roger harrabin, bbc news, devon. time for the weather. sunshine and showers going into this evening, but if you are going out, you might have an umbrella with you when you're coming home this evening as it is looking guy. showers continue overnight for the northern isles but elsewhere they will fade, largely clear skies, could turn out to be chilly away from the larger towns and city centres, so these are the urban temperatures overnight, but single figures for the countryside, sheltered glens, scotland close to freezing, one or two mach four patches by tomorrow morning. most places tomorrow will have a blue sky start to the day. the shower clouds build again, scattered and heavy showers for scotland, northern ireland and england, a bachelor
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south—west england and wales getting eastwards, other areas will remain dry. some places will miss the showers altogether. 20, 20 one celsius only sports, most of us fall short of that. secondly different picture on monday, been pushing east across the uk and when strengthening in the south later. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines at liz30pm... the prime minister has insisted that the conservative position on tax hasn't changed — that's after a senior cabinet minister appeared to go further than commitments outlined in the conservative manifesto. meanwhile, the labour leader jeremy corbyn has been campaigning in lincoln, highlighting his plans for public services and a fairer society. ariana grande makes a surprise visit to fans injured in the terror attack at her gig last week ahead of her benefit concert tomorrow evening. seven people have been reported killed following explosions at a funeral in the afghan capital kabul. now on bbc news, witness.
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hello, and welcome to witness, with me, tanya beckett, here at the british library in london. we've got another five people who have experienced extraordinary moments in history. this month on the programme, a french artist recalls the protests in paris in may, 1968. the son of a famous british sailor remembers his pioneering solo voyage around the world. and we get a personal account
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of the launch of the world's most famous photo agency. first, we are going back to 1939, when a ship withjewish refugees on—board fleeing from the nazis was refused entry by us authorities and forced to return to europe. gerald granston was on board. prejudice againstjews started virtually immediately after hitler came to power. it became clear even to a five—year old that i am a nobody. my father and my grandfather were planning, "where could we go?" and one of the few countries that took you, albeit
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for money, was cuba. jews from all parts of the reich are liquidating their properties, accumulated in germany for generations, and are drifting to hamburg... cuba was a stepping stone to get us eventually into the united states. the voyage was, to me, a two—week delight. i remember, still to this day, eating wurst and drinking fizzy lemonade, all the things i shouldn't have done. the treatment on board the ship, and what was happening in germany, was a huge, huge contrast. when we got to havana, immigration and customs came aboard and they were very pleasant,
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very nice, but i learnt my first and only word of spanish, which was manana. everything was "tomorrow". we left havana after five days. captain schroder sailed up and down the florida coast fairly certain that roosevelt would relent and let the ship come into an american port. all to no avail. roosevelt, he was standing for re—election. rather than have his political enemies saying, "you let another 900 jews in," decided to keep them out, let somebody else worry. we were going back to germany, where there was no hope whatsoever for the jewish people.
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my father didn't hide his emotions very easily. and more than once, he cried. it became known that four countries were prepared to take us, and these were the netherlands, belgium, france, and the united kingdom. the sad thing is that those people who made it to france, the netherlands, belgium, those who were still there once the nazis conquered them, they were the first to be arrested, because they were german jews. lucky is a word i use many times.
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if my father and i had not come to the united kingdom in 1939, i wouldn't be here now. gerald granston at his home in london. next, to post—warjapan, where the musician, shinichi suzuki, developed a revolutionary method for teaching violin to very young children. it would later take off around the world. our next witnesses are brothers, hideya and toshiya taida, who were two of his first pupils. the idea here is that from the age of three, japanese children can be taught to play simple tunes by ear. as the japanese teacher suzuki himself says, they learn to speak with the violin at the same time they learn to speak with their mother tongue. the taida brothers, still playing
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violin decades later. now, we are going back to 1967 and the moment a british sailor called francis chichester completed an epic solo trip around the world. his son, giles chichester, was in the huge crowds that had gathered to give him a hero's welcome when he returned to plymouth harbour. this was the scene at plymouth as a quarter of a million people had their long wait rewarded by the privilege of being the first to observe, from the shore, the approach of the gypsy moth. a fleet of welcoming boats went out to meet him. people said he was too old and his boat was too big for him. he would never manage. well, of course that was a red rag to a bull. it made him even more determined to go on and do it. that fleet ensures him a proud place
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in the company of the greatest of maritime history. my father was in his mid—60s when he planned this voyage. in a way, the history of this goes back to when he did his flying in the 1930s. he had this sense of adventure. so flash forward to the ‘60s, when he took up sailing. he made certain that all the stores needed for the next 100 days were properly stowed away. gypsy moth was a very narrow boat. no fridge, no mod cons like that. he navigated, this is critical, using a sextant. today people use satellite navigation. that is a big, big difference. from the cape of good hope he will follow the route of the clipper ships to australia, turning around cape horn.
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0n the way out he was determined to celebrate his birthday. he was going to have his 65th birthday en route. and in order to do that, he took his green smoking jacket, which was made for him in the 1930s. he obviously took some champagne to celebrate. he was a very congenial fellow, actually. he enjoyed company. people may imagine somebody who goes single—handedly is solitary and antisocial. far from it. probably the biggest crisis point was in the southern indian ocean in the roaring ‘40s. it was gloom all round, when he radioed that his steering had broke, he was giving up. but he stepped on it, he devised his own temporary self—steering device. and that saved the day. he made only one stop in the circumnavigation, in sydney, to mirror the route of the clippers. but within the first few hours, leaving sydney, he hit
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the tail end of a hurricane. and the boat was knocked over, so that he went way over the horizontal. he survived that, and he was fascinated, measuring this after the fact, by seeing the angle at which knives from the galley drawers had stuck in the bulkhead on the opposite side. chichester had circumnavigated the globe. more than that, he had accomplished the stupendous feat alone. the voyage around the world was just over 29,000 miles. it took him 226 days sailing time. perhaps this unassuming man would have preferred a private welcome. but deeds such as his demanded a hero's reception. he was a little tottery when he got in, so i did the celebrating for the family. i confess i stayed up all night, partying and drinking
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and having a good time. with sir francis drake's soared, the queen was to dub the sailor as knight commander of the british empire. they decided to have a public investitu re, which was an extremely rare event. this was a bit of a surprise. my father more or less took it in his stride. the whole thing was the most wonderful adventure. giles chichester talking to us from his family home in london. remember, you can watch witness every month on our website. now, to one of the key moments of recent history in france. in may, 1968, revolution was in the air. students and workers took to the streets to demand change. witness has met an artist whojoined in the protest.
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the worst street fighting in the capital since liberation in 1944. students and police clashed following extremist political action against the war in vietnam. it was 1968. too many people were out in the same moment. there was a factory strike and universities were on strike. everybody decided to go into the street. it was 6pm at night on the 13th of may. workers and students were together. leaders from the sorbonne
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were meeting with leaders of workers organisations to plan their next move. we were fighting for our rights and for better lives. me and my friend decided to go back and try to get involved in making posters for the movement. the first thing we did was to organise paints and brushes and paper for all the people coming down. the area became very famous
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and people wanted to posters to stick on the wall. myjob was to work and get the posters out and on the wall. contact factories. we had a meeting at seven so we could decide which were good and which word. and which were not. and already we had to say something about it. we worked like the workers. we could make 2000 posters, or maybe one big poster. factories, universities, and unions, were now coming together. the government was trained to separate the people. we thought that was the end of the society. instead of that, a new people, new students and workers came out and could work together.
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we stay in the french capital for ourfar north film. in may, 1947, some of the world's most famous photographers got together in paris to form magnum photos. magnum was a committee of spirits. icq is a group of lunatics. very passionate. it was set up in 1947 by a few dealers photographers who suddenly found the world changed, but wanted to continue operating in the old way and were willing to take risks. that's me. injanuary, 1950, i answered this
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advertisement, and i think it was for a secretary researcher, international, or something like that. the active and dynamic party of the group was a man who was already famous from the civil war. robert carper. and his long—time friend, jim, was an actor in paris in the 1930s. and also in the spanish civil war. and that group was joined by george roger, who was a nonconformist adventurer. i think they changed
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photography in different ways. when you look at carper‘s wall pictures, he was more concerned with the pictures of suffering than any glory from the war. i remember another picture of the independence of indonesia. and robert capa's pictures from palestine... they didn't want to be told what to do. that was more important to them than having a nice fat salary. this was from a big magnum show.
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it was a cooperative at a family atmosphere. everybody was very affectionate. when robert capa and chim came in from paris, they brought perfume and elegant things. there was never any idea of being i'm the boss, or you're the secretary. a christmas parties, capa would come and dance with the bookkeeper. i don't know whether i was more enchanted with the personalities of the photographers than even with the photographs. and magnum photos is still going strong today. that is it from witness for this month.
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next month, will be at the british library going through five moments of history. but from me, for now, thank you forjoining us. goodbye. hello, your latest live update from the bbc web. 0ne hello, your latest live update from the bbc web. one of those afternoons, in the sun it is felt one, but there have been showers around, big clouds. if you have not been underneath the downpour you may have seen something in the distance. in edinburgh and the last hour, as we look at the satellite picture, we
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have seen some showers moving through edinburgh and elsewhere in scotla nd through edinburgh and elsewhere in scotland and northern ireland, many frequent downpours and thunder. a line of weaker showers progressing eastwards. most of us will avoid those. if you have a barbecue in mind. 0vernight, dry and clear whether two, away from the northern isles, remaining showery. chilly away from the town and city centres, mid and single figures in rural spots and some spots of scotland, especially shower ports —— spots in the highlands. tomorrow which i would get going again dotted about scotland, northern ireland and england and a few for south wales and the south—west. gradually edging eastwards. the duke at the picture at four o'clock in the afternoon, really similar story for scotland and northern ireland, as today, there will be some pleasant sunshine but also these big clouds around and you may find a downpour. this not last too long, moves away and the sun comes up. last too long, moves away and the sun comes up. improving nature to
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north—west england and wales and the far south—west as this line of showers edges from eastern parts of south—west england and the midlands and the humberand south—west england and the midlands and the humber and bears down on east anglia and south—east england but weakening tomorrow evening as that file affects some south eastwards. 0ther that file affects some south eastwards. other places getting the sunshine. tomorrow evening and into early monday we have rain moving into northern ireland and the com pletely into northern ireland and the completely different picture on monday, one area of low pressure of spreading main eastwards and another developing to the south with more rain from that on monday night and tuesday but stronger winds as well, the potential for gales or severe gales across the southern parts and western parts. uncertainty about the detail, this gives you an idea of the flavour of that weather, quite cool with the rain. some and some are like whether or not we for monday and tuesday, wet and windy for some, times quieter by the time we get to wednesday. take a look back now. mainly eastern parts of the uk suffering from that weather
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system the uk suffering from that weather syste m o n the uk suffering from that weather system on tuesday, a cool north—westerly feel, looking driver wednesday, and settled later next week but it looks like temperatures will be on the up once again and there is a forecast for the rest of there is a forecast for the rest of the weekend online. this is bbc news. the headlines at 5pm: the prime minister insists it's her firm intention to cut taxes, but declined to give any guarantees. what people will know when they go to vote on thursday is that it is the conservative party that always has been, is and always will be, a low tax party. jeremy corbyn accuses the conservatives of being in disarray over their tax plans. 1 minister said they're not going to give any tax rises, and can't answer
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questions about tax rises for the rest the population, and can't a nswer rest the population, and can't answer questions about funding social care. ariana grande makes a surprise visit to fans injured in the terror attack at her concert last week — ahead of her benefit concert tomorrow evening.
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